Tubeufiales » Tubeufiaceae » Helicoma

Helicoma siamense

Helicoma siamense Boonmee & K.D. Hyde, in Boonmee et al. Fungal Diversity 68: 268 (2014)

Facesoffungi number: FoF01864


Sexual morph: (see Boonmee et al. 2014). Asexual morph: Colonies on natural substrate, superficial, gregarious, scattered, hyaline to subhyaline hyphae. Conidiophores up to 195 μm long, 6–15 μm wide at the broadest part, macronematous, mononematous, erect to slightly flexuous, slightly constricted at the septa, arising from hyphae, with dense fascicles, simple, pale brown to reddish brown at the base, paler or yellow to sub-hyaline towards the apex, swollenat the base, acuminate at the apex. Conidiogenous cells monoblastic, hyaline, cylindrical, 2.5–5μm slender and rounded at the apex. Conidia 42–44μm diam. when coiled, coiled into 2 1 / 2 –3 1 / 2 spirals, loose to tight, filaments 2.5–7.5 μm wide, 27–31-septate, acropleurogenous, helicosporous, hyaline to pale brown, obviously septate, slightly constricted at the septa, darkened, tapering towards the rounded apex, conico-truncate at the base.


Culture characteristics: Conidia germinating on PDA within 24 h. Germ tubes produced from all cells of conidia. Colonies on PDA reaching 13–18 mm diam. after 7 days in the dark at 25 °C (x = 16 mm, n=5), edge entire, flat or effuse at the edge, convex with papillate surface at the old mycelium plugs, sparse, olive grey (3F2) in the center, white (3A1) from both above and below.


Habitat: Known to inhabit decaying wood of an unidentified tree (Boonmee et al. 2014) and decaying inner-surface of bark of T. grandis.


Known hosts: -


Known distribution: Thailand.


Material examined: Thailand, Chiang Rai, Chiang Saen District, Wiang Sub district, on decaying inner-surface of bark on T. grandis, 9 September 2012, M. Doilom, MFLU 15–3426, living culture MFLUCC 12–0563, MKT 079, GenBank Accession No: ITS: KU144928, LSU: KU764713, SSU: KU712479, TEF1: KU872751.


Notes: Helicoma siamense was introduced by Boonmee et al. (2014) with the sexual morph occurring on decaying wood of an unidentified tree and the asexual morph produced on MEA. We collected the asexual morph on T. grandis from the decaying inner-surface of the bark. Morphologically He. siamense collected in the current study and that of Boonmee et al. (2014), differ in conidial size and shape as well as conidiophores. However, as one specimen was produced in culture from single ascospore isolations, and the other was collected from natural substrata, differences in morphology might be expected. For this reason, the collection from T. grandis collected in this study is illustrated and described here.


Figure X. Helicoma siamense (MFLU 15–3426). a–b Conidiophores and conidia on decaying inner-surface of bark. c Conidiophore with denticle (black arrow). d, e Conidiophores with conidial development at the apex (whitearrows). f Conidiophore and conidium. g–j Conidia. K Germinated conidium. l Colony on PDA after 7 days. Note: k Stained in lactophenol cottonblue. Scalebars: b = 100μm, c–f = 30μm, g–j = 20μm,k = 50μm


Reference: Doilom M, Dissanayake AJ, Wanasinghe DN, Boonmee S, et al. (2016) Microfungi on Tectona grandis (teak) in Northern Thailand. Fungal Divers 82:107–182.


About GMS Microfungi

The webpage provides an account of GMS microfungi.


Supported by 

Thailand Science Research and Innovation (TSRI),

project entitled:

"The future of specialist fungi in a changing climate: baseline data for generalist and specialist fungi associated with ants Rhododendron species and Dracaena species"

(Grant No. DBG6080013)

"Impact of climate change on fungal diversity and biogeography in the Greater Mekong Sub-region"

(Grant No. RDG6130001)


  • Email:
  • Addresses:
    1 Center of Excellence in Fungal Research
  • Mae Fah Luang University Chiang Rai
    57100 Thailand
  • 2 Kunming Institute of Botany
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences,
  • Honghe County 654400, Yunnan, China

Published by the Mushroom Research Foundation 
Copyright © The copyright belongs to the Mushroom Research Foundation. All Rights Reserved.